Haplo Identical Stem Cell Transplant
In this method, any first-degree relative including a parent, sibling or child can be a donor.In order to increase the pool of potential donors, a modified version of stem cell transplant called haploidenticalstem cell transplant was developed. However, donors for a haploidentical transplant need not be a near total HLA match. They can be only a 50 percent match to the recipient. Also, haploidentical transplants can be performed quickly as relatives are able to donate on a short notice, as compared to traditional unrelated donor transplants which may take more time.
How does the transplant take place?
Once the conditioning therapy is over, the transplant normally takes place the day after. The stem cells are passed as a small bag of liquid through a tube into your bloodstream. The process does not cause any pain.
What does a haploidentical transplant involve?
- Different types of conditioning therapy.
- Extra chemotherapy after the transplant has taken place.
- Extra infusions of white blood cells called lymphocytes, before or after the transplant.
The patient is required to be in hospital for about 3 to 4 weeks after the transplant in an isolated location with doors closed.